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Introduction to GNU MP

GNU MP is a portable library written in C for arbitrary precision arithmetic on integers, rational numbers, and floating-point numbers. It aims to provide the fastest possible arithmetic for all applications that need higher precision than is directly supported by the basic C types.

Many applications use just a few hundred bits of precision; but some applications may need thousands or even millions of bits. GMP is designed to give good performance for both, by choosing algorithms based on the sizes of the operands, and by carefully keeping the overhead at a minimum.

The speed of GMP is achieved by using fullwords as the basic arithmetic type, by using sophisticated algorithms, by including carefully optimized assembly code for the most common inner loops for many different CPUs, and by a general emphasis on speed (as opposed to simplicity or elegance).

There is carefully optimized assembly code for these CPUs: ARM, DEC Alpha 21064, 21164, and 21264, AMD 29000, AMD K6 and Athlon, Hitachi SuperH and SH-2, HPPA 1.0, 1.1 and 2.0, Intel Pentium, Pentium Pro/Pentium II, generic x86, Intel i960, Motorola MC68000, MC68020, MC88100, and MC88110, Motorola/IBM PowerPC 32 and 64, National NS32000, IBM POWER, MIPS R3000, R4000, SPARCv7, SuperSPARC, generic SPARCv8, UltraSPARC, DEC VAX, and Zilog Z8000. Some optimizations also for Clipper, IBM ROMP (RT), and Pyramid AP/XP.

There is a mailing list for GMP users. To join it, send a mail to [email protected] with the word `subscribe' in the message body (not in the subject line).

For up-to-date information on GMP, please see the GMP Home Pages at http://www.swox.com/gmp/.

How to use this Manual

Everyone should read section GMP Basics. If you need to install the library yourself, you need to read section Installing GMP, too.

The rest of the manual can be used for later reference, although it is probably a good idea to glance through it.

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