4.1 Fortran 2003 status
GNU Fortran supports several Fortran 2003 features; an incomplete
list can be found below. See also the
wiki page about Fortran 2003.
- Procedure pointers including procedure-pointer components with
- Procedures which are bound to a derived type (type-bound procedures)
operators bound to a type.
- Abstract interfaces and type extension with the possibility to
override type-bound procedures or to have deferred binding.
- Polymorphic entities (“
CLASS”) for derived types and unlimited
CLASS(*)”) – including
SELECT TYPE for scalars and arrays and
- Generic interface names, which have the same name as derived types,
are now supported. This allows one to write constructor functions. Note
that Fortran does not support static constructor functions. For static
variables, only default initialization or structure-constructor
initialization are available.
- Interoperability with C including enumerations,
- In structure constructors the components with default values may be
- Extensions to the
ALLOCATE statement, allowing for a
type-specification with type parameter and for allocation and initialization
optionally return an error message string via
- Reallocation on assignment: If an intrinsic assignment is
used, an allocatable variable on the left-hand side is automatically allocated
(if unallocated) or reallocated (if the shape is different). Currently, scalar
deferred character length left-hand sides are correctly handled but arrays
are not yet fully implemented.
- Deferred-length character variables and scalar deferred-length character
components of derived types are supported. (Note that array-valued compoents
are not yet implemented.)
- Transferring of allocations via
PUBLIC attributes may be given individually
to derived-type components.
- In pointer assignments, the lower bound may be specified and
the remapping of elements is supported.
- For pointers an
INTENT may be specified which affect the
association status not the value of the pointer target.
- Support for Unicode characters (ISO 10646) and UTF-8, including
NEW_LINE intrinsic functions.
- Support for binary, octal and hexadecimal (BOZ) constants in the
- Support for namelist variables with allocatable and pointer
attribute and nonconstant length type parameter.
- Array constructors using square brackets. That is,
(/.../). Type-specification for array constructors like
(/ some-type :: ... /).
- Extensions to the specification and initialization expressions,
including the support for intrinsics with real and complex arguments.
- Support for the asynchronous input/output syntax; however, the
data transfer is currently always synchronously performed.
IOMSG= specifier for I/O statements.
- Support for the declaration of enumeration constants via the
ENUMERATOR statements. Interoperability with
gcc is guaranteed also for the case where the
-fshort-enums command line option is given.
- TR 15581:
ALLOCATABLE dummy arguments.
ALLOCATABLE function results
ALLOCATABLE components of derived types
OPEN statement supports the
allowing I/O without any record structure.
- Namelist input/output for internal files.
- Minor I/O features: Rounding during formatted output, using of
a decimal comma instead of a decimal point, setting whether a plus sign
should appear for positive numbers. On systems where
the rounding mode, the rounding mode is also supported for input.
PROTECTED statement and attribute.
VALUE statement and attribute.
VOLATILE statement and attribute.
IMPORT statement, allowing to import
host-associated derived types.
- The intrinsic modules
ISO_FORTRAN_ENVIRONMENT is supported,
which contains parameters of the I/O units, storage sizes. Additionally,
procedures for C interoperability are available in the
USE statement with
attribute; supported intrinsic modules:
- Renaming of operators in the